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Names & Taxonomy


Some people are fascinated by bird names...

This section includes both the science of naming (taxonomy) and sites helping with common names or translation of names into other languages. There are several explanations of taxonomy both in terms of how birds are named and the phylogentic tree of families and species etc. Names old and new, common and scientific, as well as some hints at the attempt to unify English common names across the world.

Birders should try their best to familiarise themselves with the scientific (not Latin as scientific names are often mixtures of Latin and Greek and even other languages entirely) names of familiar birds becuase it enables us to talk across the nations. The word Paradae means something on both sides of the channel and Atlantic but not all of us know what a chickadee or a tit is. You don`t even have to set out to learn the names just look at them everytime you check your list or consult the fieldguide and you will surprise yourself at how many scientific names you already know.

 
 

This page is sponsored by...
Handbook of the Birds of the World


 

 

100 Birds and How They Got their Names

by Diana Wells - 297 pages, b/w illus. Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill 2001
ISBN: 156512281X
Buy this book from NHBS.com

A Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names

by James A. Jobling Oxford University Press 1991
ISBN: 0198546343
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A Thesaurus Of Bird Names: Etymology of European - Lexis Through Paradigms

by Michel Desfayes - 1998. Musee Cantonal d'Histoire Naturelle, Sion, Switzerland. Two volumes, 1240 + 1288 pages, CDROM. $476 for the set or each component can be purchased separately (Volume 1, Cloth, $238.00; Volume 2, Cloth, $251.00; CD-ROM, $338.00).This remarkable work contains some 100,000 names of 450 species of birds in 40 Indo-European languages; this monumental work deals not with scientific names or 'Linnaean' nomenclature, but with names for birds that exist in other than the scientific idiom-the so-called 'common' or 'folk' names for birds.
ISBN: 2884260218
Buy this book from NHBS.com

Avian Systematics and Taxonomy

Edited by Dr J.F. Monk. British Ornithologists' Club, 1992. 312 pages.

Elsevier's Dictionary of Bird Names

in Latin, English, French, German, Italian - by M Wrobel - 1436 pages - Elsevier 2002
ISBN: 0444508368
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The Bird Man: A Biography of John Gould

by Isabella Tree - Hardcover, 250 pages - Ebury Press 2003
ISBN: 071262158X
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The Clements Checklist of the Birds of the World

6th Edition by [the late] James F Clements published by Christopher Helm [Hardback £40]
ISBN: 9780713686951
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The Howard & Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World

EC Dickinson (Editor), JV Remsen Jr. (Editor) | 461 pages, with CD-ROM | Aves Press | Hardback | May 2013 | Edition: 4| Price: £59.99
ISBN: 9780956861108
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Whose Bird?

Men and Women Commemorated in the Common Names of Birds by Bo Beolens and Michael Watkins 400 pages, b/w photos. Christopher Helm 2003
ISBN: 0713666471
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World Bird Species Checklist

by M G Wells, Worldlist
ISBN: 0953242005
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Allopatric Speciation

Website

This figure illustrates the sequence of events which may ultimately result in allopatric speciation. Once a physical barrier to migration allows the two descendent groups of the original population to exhibit independent adaptation to local climatic conditions, accumulated differences may ultimately result in reproductive isolation. If such isolation results, even after the barrier is later removed, the populations will not be able to interbreed. This page was last updated on January 10, 1999. Send comments or questions to Gary Anderson...

Avibase

Website

Avibase contains taxonomic and distribution information (including maps) for all 10,000 extant species and 22,000 subspecies of birds in the world, plus several extinct and ancient fossil species. The site also offers searching tools for internet sites and images, as well as links to other sites such as ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information Systems) and Birdlife threathened birds of the World website. This site is the result of nearly 12 years of work on a database that now contains close to a million records, including 300,000 occurence records and 180,000 synonyms in over a dozen languages. Bird checklists of the world, which offers bird checklists for over 500 countries and regions, has now also been integrated into Avibase, but continues to be available directly from my other web site Bird Links to the World... Denis Lepage - Bird Studies Canada.

Babel Bird (Bird Name Translator)

Website

A new internet-program for bird name translation. The program runs on our website since much of the interesting information on birding websites consists mainly of bird names and locations, the program makes birding websites understandable by one mouse click. Bird names are selectively translated into a wanted language and then added to the original bird names or replacing them. It is even possible to surf the web with our program as the start page. Just enter the address of the website you would like to visit, choose the options and go on. All the websites you visit by a link from an already translated website will be translated as well! The design of the sites does not change. Another option of the program is to translate your own texts, you can for example add scientific names to your bird lists or translate them into English before publishing them in EBN, national mailing lists, your own website or elsewhere. Further information on the program can be found in the helpfile: http://www.babelbird.de/help_e.html for those who would only like to translate single bird names, we developed babelbirdy at: http://www.babelbird.de/birdy_e.html this program works also with parts of bird names. We would like to improve the programs so every comment is appreciated.

Bird Bytes - Bird Taxonomy for Birders

Website

This is the top (root, home) page to my web pages on bird taxonomy, as well as a bit on EuroBirdNet Netherlands. I try my best to keep the information contained as up-to-date as possible, but work and family life usually take priority, as well as birding itself obviously - Rolf de By`s website back in action after a short break.

Birds of Sweden (in 17 languages)

Website

Birdwatcher's Dictionary

Website

Run from an alphabetical list this is a useful on-line reference work.

Cracid Taxonomic Advisory Group

Website

The Cracidae Family is one of the most endangered group of birds in the Neotropical World.

Dutch - English - Scientific

Website

Icelandic - Scientific

Website

Irish - English - Latin

Website

Linnean Society

Website

As we enter the 21st century the Linnean Society of London remains a leading forum for contemporary discussions on genetics, natural history, systematics, biology and the history of plant and animal taxonomy. As the world`s oldest extant biological society, we are also proud of our heritage.

Overview of systems for encoding bird names

Website

Among programmers, good programs or systems are often described as robust. Such systems should be easy to learn and use, and they should not tend to confuse users or mangle data. Design of a good encoding system involves more than just the problem of representing the data. We should consider human factors as well.

Recent Splits

Website

Check out which bird species have been split or lumped...

Sinsacro

Website

Sitio en español que aborda a las aves desde un punto de vista científico y veterinario...

The Auk

Website

SORA - Searchable Ornithological Research Archive

Western Palearctic Birds

Website

Interactive DVD

Whose Bird?

Website

To learn more about this book - described by the Fatbirder as probably the best book ever written in the entire history of the universe, not that I am biased or anything... - visit this website

World Bird Names

Website

The site supplements the book "BIRDS OF THE WORLD - Recommended English Names" By Frank Gill and Minturn Wright...

Zoonomen Nomenclature

Website

Another world species list but very comprehensive and usefully laid out. A tribute – Dedicated to the late Burt L. Monroe, Jr.; in memory of his knowledge, enthusiasm, support, and help.

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